“The Liverpool Care Pathway is a tool to ensure the delivery of holistic care during the dying phase. As well as physical needs The Pathway has been developed to transfer hospice care model to the patient’s Preferred Place of Care and provide a framework for the deliver of excellent care…..”
” Over the past few years a major drive has been underway to ensure that all dying patients, and their relatives and carers receive a high standard of care in the last hours and days of their life……
The LCP was recognised as a model of best practice in the NHS Beacon Programme (2001). it was then subsequently incorporated into the Cancer Services Collaberative project and the National End of Life Care Programme (2004-2007). It was recommended in the NICE guidance on supportive and palliative dare for patients with cancer (2004) as a mechanism for identifying and addressing the needs of dying patients. It was recommended in the Our Heath, Our Care, Our Say white paper 2006 as a tool that should be rolled out across the country. It is recommended in the End of Life Care Strategy DH 2008.”
“What is a care pathway?
A care pathway is a complex intervention for the mutual decision making and organisation of care processes for a well defined group of patients during a well defined period.
Defining characteristics of care pathways include 5 key elements:
1. An explicit statement of goals / key elements of care based on evidence, best practice.
2. The facilitation of the communication among team members and with patient’s families.
3. The coordination of the care process by coordinating the roles and sequencing the activities of the MDT, patients and carers.
4. The documentation, monitoring and evaluation of variances and outcomes.
5. The identification of the appropriate resources.”
Dr Kris Vanhaecht, Secretary General of the European Pathway Association